Alternate Names: Peri peri, African bird's-eye pepper and African red devil pepper
Characteristics: When Portuguese sailors made port of call in what's now South Africa and Mozambique, they brought ashore little chile peppers called bird's eyes, or peri-peri in Swahili. The name also came to refer to the piquant sauce made from these chiles, as well as to the Portuguese-African method of cooking prawns, chicken, or anything else in this sauce. Nando's bottled version is a mainstay for those who don't want to make it from scratch. Though it's a relatively small pepper, growing only one to two inches, it packs quite a punch.
Scoville Heat Units: 50,000 to 175,000